2. Connecting Sentences Using Transitions

Transitional words and phrases tell readers how one idea relates to another. Using words and phrases such as however, for example, as a result, and also helps readers to understand your meaning.
Transitional words and phrases are used…
To give more information
additionally, also, as well, first of all (second of all, and so on), for one thing, furthermore, in addition, moreover, next, then
To give an example
for example, for instance, in particular, one such, specifically
To show similarity or agreement
also, as well, equally, likewise, similarly
To show difference or contradiction
although, but, however, in contrast, on the other hand
To show cause or effect
and so, as a result, because, consequently, since, so, therefore
To qualify
maybe, perhaps

To show placement
above, across from, below, beside, here, in, next to, outside
To show a temporal (time) relationship
after a while, afterward, at last, at present, briefly, currently, eventually, finally, first (second, third, and so on), gradually, immediately, in the future, later, meanwhile, next, now, recently, soon, suddenly, then
To show importance or emphasis
above all, especially, finally, first, in fact, least, less, most, most importantly, next
To summarize or conclude
all in all, finally, in conclusion, in other words, lastly, to conclude

Directions: In each of the blanks below, select the transitional expression from the dropdown menu to indicate a logical relationship between the two sentences it connects. Then answer the question that follows.

Version A
In these mountains, there isn’t much oxygen above 11,000 feet. , trees and bushes aren’t able to grow near the peaks.

Which of the following best describes the purpose of the transitional expression in the previous sentence?

Wearing a seat belt can help you avoid paying a high fine for breaking the law. , wearing a seat belt can save your life.

Which of the following best describes the purpose of the transitional expression in the previous sentence?

Version B
In many ways, The Great Gatsby is a novel about the greed and selfishness of the wealthiest Americans during the Jazz Age. , it offers readers a glimpse of their irresponsible behavior.

Which of the following best describes the purpose of the transitional expression in the previous sentence?

Learning disabilities can cause students to experience a variety of challenges. , some students have difficulty focusing during class.

Which of the following best describes the purpose of the transitional expression in the previous sentence?

Version C
First, pull the damaged bike tube from the tire. , find and remove the sharp object that punctured the tire tube. Finally, put a new tube in between the tire and the rim.

Which of the following best describes the purpose of the transitional expression in the previous sentence?

Everyone wanted to go to Lake Tahoe for the weekend. , no one had enough gas money to go.

Which of the following best describes the purpose of the transitional expression in the previous sentence?

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