The Research Essay: Again, students are required to develop a 6 TO 8 PAGE investigative essay on the basis of possible topics in the field of biomedical ethics found at the end of this section. (double space, times new roman 12 font, also reference page on separate page. Drawing upon those theories, the student will prepare a written (6 to 8 page typed MLA, APA or CMS- style pages) paper that addresses these current moral problems. Of particular importance is the students ability to use ethical reasoning to formulate reflective positions on some of the more pressing moral problems in contemporary society. Papers without this element tend to score at best a low B or C. The paper is graded for the following sections: I. Composition (15 points): Composition (15 points): Tell me in ONE sentence what your paper will discuss. The introduction may be composed of more than one sentence but your thesis statement can only be one sentence long and has to be identifiable as such. For example this sentence might read like: This paper examines the topic of abortion from both a utilitarian and a deontological viewpoint and assesses the strengths and weaknesses of both Syllabus approaches. The grade in this section also reflects whether the paper was written well with attention to syntax, consistent paragraphing indents and proper citation style. II. History of topic (15 points): set the context for the moral issue from 1960 onward. Do NOT go back earlier without checking with the instructor first. III. Pro/Con (20 points): what are the conflicting sides around the issue? Please note: using websites like procon.org to set up this issue generally reduces the grade in this section. Look for journal and newspaper articles that summarize the positions. These are better and more nuanced treatments of the conflicting sides. IV. Application of ethical theories (30 points): I am looking for TWO treatments of the issue from two ethical approaches studied during the term. These should be in depth because this section is worth thirty points. V. Personal Conclusion (20 points): In this last section argue for your personal analysis and thoughts on the issue. Make sure this section receives the treatment and development it deserves! Medical decision making for minors. What should the standards be for reviewing and overruling parental medical choices? You might focus on one set of such decisions (end-of-life decisions,decisions by Christian Scientists, etc.) for your analysis.